frontier: Stochastic Frontier Analysis

Maximum Likelihood Estimation of Stochastic Frontier Production and Cost Functions. Two specifications are available: the error components specification with time-varying efficiencies (Battese and Coelli, 1992, <doi:10.1007/BF00158774>) and a model specification in which the firm effects are directly influenced by a number of variables (Battese and Coelli, 1995, <doi:10.1007/BF01205442>).

Version: 1.1-8
Depends: R (≥ 2.15.0), micEcon (≥ 0.6-14), lmtest (≥ 0.9-24)
Imports: moments (≥ 0.11), stats (≥ 2.15.0), Formula (≥ 0.2-0), miscTools (≥ 0.6-1), plm (≥ 1.0-1)
Suggests: MCMCpack (≥ 1.0-8), fdrtool (≥ 1.2.6)
Published: 2020-04-17
DOI: 10.32614/
Author: Tim Coelli, Arne Henningsen
Maintainer: Arne Henningsen <arne.henningsen at>
License: GPL-2 | GPL-3 [expanded from: GPL (≥ 2)]
NeedsCompilation: yes
Citation: frontier citation info
Materials: NEWS
In views: Econometrics
CRAN checks: frontier results


Reference manual: frontier.pdf


Package source: frontier_1.1-8.tar.gz
Windows binaries: r-devel:, r-release:, r-oldrel:
macOS binaries: r-release (arm64): frontier_1.1-8.tgz, r-oldrel (arm64): frontier_1.1-8.tgz, r-release (x86_64): frontier_1.1-8.tgz, r-oldrel (x86_64): frontier_1.1-8.tgz
Old sources: frontier archive


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